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Silverfish are common in Ireland, foraging at night in bathrooms, kitchens and pantries where they may become trapped in sinks, baths, glass and chinaware as they cannot climb smooth surfaces very well. By day they will hide beneath loose floor coverings, behind wallpaper, skirting boards, bath panels and other similar places.
Silverfish enter a home on their own or in a container such as a box that has been stored outside. They are pests and destroy property, but luckily they don’t transmit diseases.
Silverfish eat a wide variety of food, especially carbohydrates. They feed on paper, photographs, wallpaper paste, starch in clothes, fabrics such as cotton and linen, and any foods rich in carbohydrates that they find in the house. These foods include sugar, flour, bread, rolled oats, and other cereals. The insects even feed on starches in the glue found in book bindings.
Silverfish also eat mold, dandruff, and body coverings from insect molts. In addition, they eat high-protein foods such as meat and dead insects. They can survive for several months without food.
Silverfish are long-lived insects. They may live for two to eight years, depending on their environment. They continue to molt even when they are adults, which is unusual for an insect.
Although this pest is mostly only considered a nuisance, if they reach substantial numbers they can become unacceptable, especially in sterile environments such as hospitals.
Over a couple of months about 100 eggs are laid by the female in cracks and crevices near to foodstuffs but can sometimes be dropped randomly. Nymphs will emerge which do resemble the adult, albeit slightly fatter and lacking the ‘silvery’ scales. Adulthood is reached at about the tenth moult and this can take up to a year, depending on the environmental conditions.
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Tips For Getting Rid Of Silverfish
A small to moderate infestation may be solved by eliminating the insect's food sources, preventing moisture buildup, and reducing humidity. A larger one may require trapping and disposal.
The following house cleaning and maintenance steps will help to solve a silverfish problem and may eliminate the pests completely.
Repair any leaky pipes or moisture sources.
Improve ventilation Or Use a dehumidifier to reduce moisture in the air especially in bathrooms.
Perform regular tidying, cleaning, and vacuuming to remove silverfish eggs and crumbs, scraps of paper, debris, and mould.
Remove any uneaten pet food.
Clean under kitchen cupboards and sinks.
Don’t forget to clean crevices, such as the ones around the base of ovens and refrigerators and along baseboards.
Fill any cracks that you notice.
Seal any areas where wallpaper has become detached from the wall.
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Exterminate Silverfish Pest Guide
Silverfish Pest Guide Dublin | Kildare | Wicklow
Pest Tips For Silverfish